THE NIGHTS OF EID
Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam said: “The heart of the person who remains awake (in ibâdah) during the night of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adhâ will not die on the Day when hearts will be dead, i.e. the Day of Qiyâmah.” (Tibrani)
The nights of both Eids, i.e. the nights preceding the Days of Eid, are auspicious occassions which should be observed with reverence and worship. Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam said that these nights are great occasions of ibâdah and of gaining the proximity and special Mercy of Allâh Ta’âla. These blessed nights, should therefore not be allowed to pass by in idleness. Full advantage should be taken of these opportunities by offering obedience and ibâdah unto Allâh Ta’âla to the best of our abilities. Istighfâr [seeking forgiveness for sins], Tilâwah [reciting the Qur’ân], Nafl Salâh, Durûd, etc. should be profusely offered on these blessed nights.
Among the rewards which will be obtained as a result of observing the sanctity of these glorious Eid Nights, the greatest reward is the tidings conveyed to us by Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam in the abovementioned Hadîth, viz., the heart will not be smitten with terror and fear on the Day of Qiyâmah when the upheavals of that Day will be so fearsome that men will appear to be intoxicated.
THE EID TAKBÎR
Hazrat JâbirBinAbdullah Radiallâhu anhu narrated that: “Verily, on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr when the Imâm comes out for Eid Salâh, there is no Call [Adhân], no Iqâmah nor anything on that day.”
From the above mentioned Hadîth it is clear that on the Days of Eid the Takbîr should not be recited aloud at the place where the Eid Salâh is to be performed. (Fatâwa Darul Uloom)
To recite the Takbîr aloud at the Eid-Gah or the Masjid on the Days of Eid is a common practice. However, this practice is not permissible. Everyone should engage himself in dhikr and Takbîr silently. The prevalent practice of reciting the TakbîrTashrîq aloud at the Eid-Gah or the Masjîd where the Eid Salâh will be performed is not the Sunnah of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam nor that of his Sahaba Radiallâhu anhu.
THE ETIQUETTE OF EID-UL-FITR
The day of Eid is not merely a festive occasion. For a Muslim acquires great rewards from and draws close to Allâh if he spends the day of Eid according to the teachings of Sharî’ah and Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam.
THE SUNAN (Plural of SUNNAH) OF THE DAY OF EID
1. To rise as early as possible (In fact much of this night should be spent in Ibâdah.
2. To make Ghusal.
3. To use the miswâk.
4. To adorn oneself as best as one can— within the boundaries of Sharî’ah.
5. To wear one’s best clothes whilst ensuring that it conforms with Sharî’ah (Sunnah dress).
6. To apply ittar (Halâl, non alcoholic perfume).
7. To eat anything sweet (such as dates) before departing for Eid Salâh.
8. To go to the Eid-Gâh as early as possible.
9. To give “SadaqatulFitr” before leaving for the Eid-Gâh.
10. To perform Eid Salâh in the “Eidâh” rather than in the masjid. There is no harm for the aged and the sick to perform their Eid Salâh in the masjid. Rain is also an excuse for performing Eid Salâh in the masjid.
11. To choose a separate route when returning from the EidGâh.
12. To walk to the EidGâh. However there is no harm in using any means of conveyance if the Eid- Gâh is a distance away.
13. To recite the following Takbîr while walking to the Eid-Gâh.
“ALLÂHU-AKBAR ALLÂHU-AKBAR LAILAHA ILA LLAHU WALLAHU AKBAR ALLAHU-AKBA R WALIL-LAHIL HAMD